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- Question: how to create virtual environment files in the project’s directory
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how to create virtual environment files in the project’s directory
To create a virtual environment in your project’s directory, you can follow these general steps:
- Open a command prompt or terminal window.
- Navigate to the project’s directory using the
virtualenvpackage using pip. If you don’t have pip installed, first install it with the command
python -m ensurepip --default-pip.
- Create a virtual environment by running the command
python -m virtualenv <env_name>, where
<env_name>is the name you want to give your environment. For example,
python -m virtualenv venv.
- Activate the virtual environment by running the command
source <env_name>/bin/activateon Linux/Mac or
- Now you can install packages and run scripts in the virtual environment, which will be isolated from the global Python environment.
Here is an example of the commands you would run on a Linux/Mac terminal to create and activate a virtual environment in a project’s directory called
cd myproject python -m ensurepip --default-pip python -m virtualenv venv source venv/bin/activate
After activating the virtual environment, you should see the name of the environment in the command prompt, indicating that you are now working in the virtual environment. You can now install packages using
pip without affecting the global Python installation.
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How to create a Python virtual environment for a new project
How can I create a virtual environment?
To create a virtual environment, you can follow these steps:
pip. If you don’t have pip installed, you can download it from https://pip.pypa.io/en/stable/installation/.
pip install virtualenv
- Create a new directory where you want to create the virtual environment. You can name it anything you like.
- Change directory into the newly created directory.
- Create a new virtual environment using
virtualenv. You can name your virtual environment anything you like. In this example, we’re calling it
- Activate the virtual environment. The method to activate the virtual environment will depend on your operating system.
On macOS or Linux:
- Your virtual environment is now active. You can install packages or run Python scripts inside this environment without affecting your system Python installation. To exit the virtual environment, simply run the
How to create virtual environment in Linux?
In Linux, you can create a virtual environment using the
virtualenv command. Here are the steps:
sudo apt-get install python3-virtualenv
Navigate to the directory where you want to create the virtual environment.
Create a new virtual environment:
venvis the name of the virtual environment. You can choose any name you want.
Activate the virtual environment:bash
Once you have activated the virtual environment, you will see the name of the virtual environment in your terminal prompt.
This indicates that you are currently using the
Note: To exit the virtual environment, simply type
deactivatein the terminal.
That’s it! You have now created a virtual environment in Linux using virtualenv. You can install packages and dependencies specific to this environment without affecting the global Python installation.
What is the default directory for venv?
The default directory for
venv (short for Virtual Environment) in Python 3 is the
venv folder, which is created in the current directory where the
python3 -m venv command is executed.
For example, if you execute the command
python3 -m venv myenv in the directory
/home/user/, the virtual environment will be created in
Note that in Python 2, the
virtualenv package is used instead of
venv, and the default directory for virtual environments is
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